The Study of Differences between E-commerce Impacts on Developed Countries and Developing Countries, Case Study: USA and Iran

نویسندگان

چکیده

This study determines the impact of E-commerce (EC) on some of important economic criteria including total factor productivity( TFP) of Iran country as a developing country in comparison with US standard as a developed country through analyzing and calculating interrelated issues. The model is based on both econometrics and growth accounting approach to fill the gaps of previous studies. On the first step, this research fulfills the gap of economic growth by transforming the US and Iran e-commerce model to parametric model and providing statistical analysis. On the second step, the two parametric models are compared to each other. The results showed that the impact of e –commerce on Iran could be even stronger than that on US as a developed country because the scope for reducing inefficiencies and increasing productivity is much larger in Iran. The results also are showing that although during the last decade E-commerce has always been an attentive issue to Iranian governments and Iran made some policies to develop and enhance e-commerce in the country, but statistics are showing the necessity of more comprehensive and organized policies for developing and localizing e-commerce in the way of universal standards accomplishment.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Study of Differences between E-commerce Impacts on Developed Countries and Developing Countries, Case Study: USA and Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seyyed Farzad Mirmiran
  • Asadollah Shams
چکیده [English]

This study determines the impact of E-commerce (EC) on some of important economic criteria including total factor productivity( TFP) of Iran country as a developing country in comparison with US standard as a developed country through analyzing and calculating interrelated issues. The model is based on both econometrics and growth accounting approach to fill the gaps of previous studies. On the first step, this research fulfills the gap of economic growth by transforming the US and Iran e-commerce model to parametric model and providing statistical analysis. On the second step, the two parametric models are compared to each other. The results showed that the impact of e –commerce on Iran could be even stronger than that on US as a developed country because the scope for reducing inefficiencies and increasing productivity is much larger in Iran. The results also are showing that although during the last decade E-commerce has always been an attentive issue to Iranian governments and Iran made some policies to develop and enhance e-commerce in the country, but statistics are showing the necessity of more comprehensive and organized policies for developing and localizing e-commerce in the way of universal standards accomplishment.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • (EC) Electronic Commerce
  • Model criteria
  • (IT) Information Technology
  • (ICT) Information and Communication Technology
  • (GDP) Gross Domestic Product